ARCHAELOGY MONGOLIA: ARCHAEOLOGISTS UNEARTH TOMB OF GENGHIS KHAN


Construction workers employed in road building near the Onon River in the Khentii province ofMongolia, have discovered a mass grave containing the remains of many dozens of human corpses lying upon a large rudimentary stone structure. Forensic experts and archaeologists were called on the site, which was revealed to be a Mongolian royal tomb from the 13th century that the scientists believe to be Genghis Khan’s.

The team of scientists affiliated with the University of Beijing, has concluded that the numerous skeletons buried on top of the structure were most likely the slaves who built it and who were then massacred to keep the secret of the location. The remains of twelve horses were also found on the site, certainly sacrificed to accompany the Great Khan in death. A total of 68 skeletons were found buried together, almost directly over the top of a rather crude stone structure.

A total of 68 skeletons were found buried together, directly over the top of a rather crude stone structure.

The content of the tomb was scattered and badly deteriorated, presumably due to the fact that the site was located beneath the river bed for hundreds of years, until the course of the Onon river changed in the 18th century. The remains of a tall male and sixteen female skeletons were identified among hundreds of gold and silver artefacts and thousands of coins. The women are presumed to have been wives and concubines of the leader, who were killed to accompany the warlord in the afterlife.

The amount of treasure and the number of sacrificed animals and people, have immediately led the archaeologists to consider that the site was certainly the burial site of a really powerful Mongol warlord. After realizing an extensive set of tests and analysis, they were able to confirm that the body belonged to a man aged between 60 and 75, who died between 1215 and 1235 AD. Both the age, the date, the location and the opulence of the site seem to confirm that the tomb does indeed belong to Genghis Khan.

The simple rock dome discovered by the archaeologists, was presumably buried beneath the Onon river for centuries.

The simple rock dome discovered by the archaeologists, was presumably buried beneath the Onon river for centuries.

The incontestable historical importance of Genghis Khan makes this new discovery one of the most important in the history of archaeology.  Born Temüjin (which means “of iron”), he was the founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his demise.  He is known for uniting the warring tribes of Mongoliaand merging them into one before launching a series of military campaigns in China, Central Asia, the Middle East and even Eastern Europe. He conquered more than 31 million square kilometers of land during his lifetime.

His legacy has taken many forms besides his conquest and can still be found today, making him one of the most influential men in the history of mankind. He connected the East and the West through the creation of the Silk Route, a trade route that would become and remain for centuries, the main network of trade and cultural transmission in Eurasia, opening long-distance, political and economic interactions between the civilizations.

Genghis Khan also has an incredible number of descendants, as some genetic studies have shown that he could be the direct ancestor of 1 human out every 200 who are alive today. In Mongolia alone as many as 200,000 of the country’s 2 million people could be Genghis Khan descendants.

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Missing treasure hunter’s remains found in New Mexico


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    • 27 July 2016

 

Randy Bilyeu and his dog, pictured in June 2015Image copyrightCOURTESY OF LINDA BILYEU VIA AP
Image captionRandy Bilyeu, 54, went missing in January

The remains of a 54-year-old man who disappeared hunting for a hidden stash of gold and jewels in New Mexico have been discovered, local authorities say.

Police in New Mexico’s capital Santa Fe confirmed the remains as those of Randy Bilyeu from Colorado.

He went missing in January this year hunting for a $2m (£1.5m) trove hidden by art dealer and author Forrest Fenn.

Thousands have searched for the hoard left by Mr Fenn, who gave clues about the treasure’s location in a 2011 book.

Bilyeu set out for the Rocky Mountains in northern New Mexico with a raft and his pet dog on 5 January.

His wife reported him missing on 14 January, and the raft and dog were found the next day. The remains were discovered along a stretch of the Rio Grande river.

Mr Fenn has urged people not to search for the treasure during winter and joined in search efforts to find Bilyeu.

The writer says hunters should not look in “any place where an 80-year-old man couldn’t put it”.

A Texan woman got lost searching for the treasure three years ago but was found by rescuers.

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France church attack: Priest killed by two ‘IS soldiers’


26 July 2016

source    :http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-36892785

A photo of Priest Jacques Hamel taken from the website of Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray parishImage copyright AFP
Image caption Father Jacques Hamel was giving morning Mass when the attackers stormed his church

An 84-year-old priest was killed and four other people taken hostage by two armed men who stormed his church in a suburb of Rouen in northern France.

The two attackers, who said they were from the so-called Islamic State (IS), slit Fr Jacques Hamel’s throat during a morning Mass, officials say.

Police surrounded the church and shot dead both hostage-takers. French media named one of them as Adel K.General view of the church in St-Etienne-du-Rouvray on 26 July 2016

One of the hostages is in a critical condition in hospital.


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President Francois Hollande, visiting the scene, in Saint Etienne-du-Rouvray, said the attackers had committed a “cowardly assassination” and France would fight IS “by all means”.Special forces raid a house in Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray on 26 July 2016

Pope Francis decried the “pain and horror of this absurd violence”.

UK Prime Minister Theresa May branded the attack “sickening” and offered her condolences to the people of France.

The suspect named as Adel K, aged 18, is reported to have been in custody and then placed under a control order, and had tried to enter Syria twice.

Police special forces raided a house in the suburb in the aftermath of the attack, and French prosecutors earlier said one person had been arrested.

 St Etienne du Rouvray map

Image copyright AP

Image caption Five people were inside the church when it was attacked
Image caption Special police forces raided a house in the town after the attack

The attack happened during morning Mass at the historic church, situated in a quiet square of St-Etienne-du-Rouvray.

A nun, who identified herself as Sister Danielle, said she was in the church at the time.

“They forced [Fr Hamel] to his knees. He wanted to defend himself, and that’s when the tragedy happened,” she told French media.

“They recorded themselves. They did a sort of sermon around the altar, in Arabic. It’s a horror”.Timeline of attacks in France since 2012

She said she managed to flee as they were preparing to kill him.

Elite police units, specialised in hostage-taking, surrounded the church.

President Hollande said the attackers claimed to be from the self-styled IS before they were killed by police as they came out of the church.

Three of the hostages were freed unharmed, but one remains in a critical condition, said French interior ministry spokesman Pierre-Henri Brandet.


‘We will not be afraid’: Adam Fleming reports from the scene

This quiet suburb, a few miles from the cathedral city of Rouen, is quieter than usual after this morning’s horrific events. The heavily armed police have set up a large cordon around the church; a row of white tents – presumably for forensics officers – obscures the view. The nearby supermarket is closed and its car park is being used by journalists rather than shoppers.

Locals seem shocked, but not in a dramatic way. A man told me how he had conducted christenings, marriages and funerals for years alongside Father Hamel. He showed me a set of keys – keys for the church. “When I heard the news of his death, it was like being hit on the head from above. I just want to go to the church but I can’t,” he said.

A priest from a neighbouring parish, who also knew Fr Hamel, passed through on his way to conduct his own mass. His message tonight will be that this is not an attack on the Catholic Church – it is merely the latest symbol of French life to be targeted.

And the mood of some here was summed up by a woman cycling past the waiting media, who shouted to no-one in particular: “We will not be afraid.”


Electronic tag

Within hours of the attack, the IS-linked Amaq news agency, said “two IS soldiers” had carried out the attack.

Few details are yet known about the attackers, but Mohammed Karabila, a local Muslim leader, told the Associated Press that one of them had been “followed by police for at least a year and a half”. That person is believed to be Adel K.

The French ITele website said he had tried to reach Syria in May 2015 but was turned back at the Turkish border.

According to the report, he then spent nearly a year in prison before being released in March, on condition he wear an electronic tag and move back in with his parents.

Media caption“The terrorists will stop at nothing if we don’t stop them”: Francois Hollande
Media captionFrench MP Christophe Premat says the attack is particularly terrible as a church has been targeted

‘Treasured’ priest

Residents of St-Etienne-du-Rouvray reacted with shock and sadness to the killing of Fr Hamel, a well known figure in the community.

“My family has lived here for 35 years and we have always known him,” said Eulalie Garcia.

“He was someone who was treasured by the community. He was very discreet and didn’t like to draw attention to himself.”

Pensioner Claude-Albert Seguin told AP: “Everyone knew him very well. He was very loved in the community and a kind man.”

French Prime Minister Manuel Valls has expressed his horror at the “barbaric attack” and said: “The whole of France and all Catholics are wounded. We will stand together.”

The Archbishop of Rouen, Dominique Lebrun, who was attending a Catholic gathering in Poland, said: “I cry out to God with all men of goodwill. I would invite non-believers to join in the cry.

“The Catholic Church cannot take weapons other than those of prayer and brotherhood among men.”

France is still reeling from the Bastille Day attack in Nice earlier this month, when a lorry was driven into celebrating crowds by Tunisian Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel, killing more than 80 people.

Video censored 18+Nice terror attack: Lorry driver who killed 84 in Bastille Day rampage named as convicted criminal born in Tunisia


 

 

 

A terrorist who used a hired lorry to kill at least 84 people in a rampage during Bastille Day celebrations in Nice has been named as a convicted criminal well known to the police for armed attacks.

Source: Nice terror attack: Lorry driver who killed 84 in Bastille Day rampage named as convicted criminal born in Tunisia

Baton Rouge killing Video: Black Lives Matter protest photo hailed as ‘legendary’


A demonstrator protesting at the shooting death of Alton Sterling is detained by law enforcement near the headquarters of the Baton Rouge Police Department in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, US July 9, 2016.Image copyright Jonathan Bachman/Reuters

source BBC news

 

 

Image caption Jonathan Bachman’s image from Baton Rouge has been widely shared on social media

Protests have continued in the United States, after violent incidents involving African American people and the police last week.

On Sunday, dozens of protesters were arrested in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, where a black man was killed by police last Tuesday.

In an atmosphere of heightened racial tension, and amid growing debate over the seeming militarisation of American police, one photo has stood out.

It was taken by Jonathan Bachman, a New Orleans-based photographer who has been working for Reuters in the past few days.

The image shows a young woman in a dress standing calmly in front of two police officers wearing layers of armour, and appearing to approach her in a hurry.

Among the most prominent people to share the image on Facebook was Shaun King, a senior justice reporter with the New York Daily News newspaper with more than 560,000 followers.

One comment beneath his post, liked more than 3,300 times, called it a “legendary picture” that “will be in history and art books from this time”.

The photograph was taken outside the Baton Rouge police headquarters, where most of Saturday’s protest was focused.

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The demonstration, organised by the civil rights group Black Lives Matter, took place days after police killed Alton Sterling in Baton Rouge. A video showed two white police officers holding him down and shooting him. Police said they had received a report an armed man was making threats.

Reuters said the woman in the photo, which was taken on Saturday, was later detained, but little more is known about her and she has not yet been named.

Other notable figures online to share the image include Calestous Juma, a Kenyan-born professor at the John F Kennedy School of Government, who was once named among the 100 most influential Africans.

British-Indian novelist Hari Kunzru praised the “grace under pressure” shown by the woman in the photo.

Another angle of the incident was captured by Associated Press photographer Max Becherer.

A protester is grabbed by police officers in riot gear after she refused to leave the motor way in front of the the Baton Rouge Police Department Headquarters in Baton Rouge, La., Saturday, July 9, 2016Image copyright Max Becherer/AP

AP reported that the woman in the photograph was grabbed by officers after refusing to move off the public highway.

The protests were not entirely peaceful – Louisiana’s The Advocate newspaper said 102 people were arrested, with eight guns seized. One police officer lost several teeth after being hit by a projectile, it said.

Mr Bachman was unavailable for comment – but many more of his photographs from Baton Rouge on Saturday have been used worldwide.

A man protesting the shooting death of Alton Sterling is detained by law enforcement near the headquarters of the Baton Rouge Police Department in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S. July 9, 2016Image copyright Jonathan Bachman/Reuters
Image caption This image shows a man being detained by police near the Baton Rouge Police Department
A woman protests the shooting death of Alton Sterling near the headquarters of the Baton Rouge Police Department in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S. July 9, 2016Image copyright Jonathan Bachman/Reuters
Image caption A young woman confronts police during Saturday’s march
A demonstrator holds a bible at the Triple S convenience store where Alton Sterling was shot dead by police in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S. July 9, 2016.Image copyright Jonathan Bachman/Reuters
Image caption In this image, a Bible is held to the sky near the supermarket outside which Alton Sterling was shot

Do you know the woman in the photograph standing in front of two policemen? If you do, please email haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk.

If you are available to talk to a BBC journalist, please include a telephone number.

If you have joined the Black Lives Matter protests, email your pictures to yourpics@bbc.co.uk, upload them here, tweet them to @BBC_HaveYourSay or text +44 7624 800 100.

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Treasure hunter guards biggest find of Roman coins by sleeping in his car


source http://www.telegraph.co.uk/

Builder with a metal detector makes record-breaking discovery of 22,000 Roman coins, known as the Seaton Down Hoard

A treasure hunter who uncovered the biggest hoard of 4th century Roman coins recorded in Britain spent three nights sleeping in his car to guard his find.

Laurence Egerton, a builder, took up metal detecting seven years ago and his usual hauls consisted of old ring pulls and shotgun cartridges.

But on this occasion fortune was with him. Scanning an area of ground in Seaton, East Devon, he uncovered 22,000 Roman coins dating from AD260 to AD348.

“Between finding the hoard and the archaeologists excavating the site, I slept in my car alongside it for three nights to guard it,” said Mr Egerton, 51.

“Every night the archaeologists packed up and left, and I couldn’t go home and sleep thinking there was something of such significance sitting there in a hole in the ground in a field in the middle of nowhere.

“It was November and it was very cold. I had three or four fleeces on and a quilt. And I’m 6’3” so I’m not really built for sleeping in cars.”

The hoard went on temporary display yesterday at the British Museum, where experts hailed it as an extraordinary find. A number of the coins were struck to mark the foundation of Constantinople in AD332 and bear the image of Emperor Constantine the Great.

Mr Egerton’s lucky day began when he searched a field close to the previously excavated site of a Roman villa.

“Initially, I found two small coins the size of a thumbnail sitting on top of the ground,” he recalled.

His metal detector indicated there was iron in the ground. Mr Egerton said most detectors are set up to ignore iron because it is relatively worthless, but he followed his instinct.

Beneath two iron ingots, he found his treasure. “The next shovel was full of coins – they just spilled out over the field.”


Part of the trove of 22,000 Roman coins found by Laurence Egerton (Apex)

Mr Egerton, a member of the East Devon Metal Detector Club, contacted the authorities to report his find. He also called his wife, Amanda, and she came down to film the moment.

“It’s by far the biggest find I’ve ever had. It really doesn’t get any better than this,” he said.

“I’m fascinated by history although I was never really interested at school. Over the years I have found lots of interesting items but never anything of this magnitude.

“It’s not all treasure, though. For every interesting or historic item found I will have dug a few dozen ring pulls, shotgun cartridges or other miscellaneous items of rubbish.”

Metal detecting is regarded by some as an eccentric pastime – BBC Four is developing a sitcom about it, starring The Office’s Mackenzie Crook. Mr Egerton acknowledged that it had a “geeky” reputation but said: “It’s no different from any other hobby. You aspire to find something special, no different from a golfer aspiring to get a hole in one.”

The coins, now known as the Seaton Down Hoard, have been officially declared as treasure and are eligible for acquisition by a museum. Mr Egerton, who had obtained a licence to operate on the land, will be eligible to split the proceeds 50/50 with the landowner.

The local Royal Albert Memorial Museum in Exeter is launching a public fundraising campaign to buy them.

The Seaton Down hoard of treasure during excavation (Apex)

Although they would not have been very valuable in their day – representing a few months’ wages for a Roman soldier – the historical element means they will now be worth tens of thousands of pounds.

It is believed the coins were originally buried for safekeeping. Bill Horner, county archaeologist for Devon, said: “There were no High Street banks, so a good, deep hole in the ground was as secure a place as any to hide your savings in times of trouble, or if you were going away on a long journey.

“Whoever made this particular deposit never came back to retrieve it.”

Each coin has been catalogued under the Portable Antiquities Scheme, which is administered by the British Museum and records archaeological objects found by members of the public. The hoard helped the scheme to pass its one millionth item.

Mr Egerton would like to have just one of the coins as a memento of his find. “I may ask if there is a possibility of having one,” he said.

 

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Dhaka cafe attack ends with 20 foreign hostages among dead


“Most of (the hostages) were killed mercilessly by sharp weapons last night,” before the siege began, Army Brigadier General Naim Asraf Chowdhury said.

The army concluded an operation to clear the cafe after a 12-hour siege that began when gunmen stormed the restaurant on Friday night. Two police were killed in the initial assault.

 

The 13 hostages that were rescued included one Japanese and two Sri Lankans, Chowdhury told a news conference. Police said earlier the gunmen were holding about 20 hostages.

One Japanese man was among those rescued and taken to a Dhaka hospital with a gunshot wound, a Japanese government spokesman said. Seven Japanese were unaccounted for.

Italy’s ambassador to Bangladesh, Mario Palma, told Italian state TV seven Italians were among the hostages.

Islamic State posted photos of what it said were dead foreigners killed in the assault, which could deal a major blow to the country’s vital $25 billion garment sector.

Police said they believed about eight to nine gunmen had been holed up in the cafe, armed with assault rifles and grenades.

Gowher Rizvi, an adviser to Hasina, told Reuters security forces had tried to negotiate with the gunmen.

An attack on a cafe in Dhaka has left 28 people dead, including 20 foreign hostages, most of whom were killed with sharp weapons, the Bangladesh army said.

Brig Gen Naim Asraf Chowdhury told a news conference on Saturday that six militants and two police officers were killed, and 13 people were rescued.

The prime minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, said one of the gunmen had been captured alive in the dawn raid.

More than 100 Bangladeshi commandos stormed the Holey Artisan Bakery in the diplomatic quarter of the capital early on Saturday after the 12-hour siege began on Friday night.

An attack on a cafe in Dhaka has left 28 people dead, including 20 foreign hostages, most of whom were killed with sharp weapons, the Bangladesh army said.

Brig Gen Naim Asraf Chowdhury told a news conference on Saturday that six militants and two police officers were killed, and 13 people were rescued.

The prime minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, said one of the gunmen had been captured alive in the dawn raid.

More than 100 Bangladeshi commandos stormed the Holey Artisan Bakery in the diplomatic quarter of the capital early on Saturday after the 12-hour siege began on Friday night.

Local TV stations reported that the rescue operation began at 7.40am, about 10 hours after the gunmen took over the café.

Gowher Rizvi, an adviser to Bangladesh’s prime minister, told Reuters early on Saturday that security forces had been trying to negotiate an end to the crisis before launching their offensive.

Benjir Ahmed, chief of the country’s special police force, told reporters on Friday night that eight to nine gunmen had attacked the restaurant in the Gulshan area of Dhaka.

Italy’s ambassador to Bangladesh, Mario Palmer, said seven Italian nationals were among the hostages. “It is a suicide attack. They want to carry out a powerful and bloody operation and there is no room for negotiation,” Palma said. An Italian foreign ministry source said one Italian had escaped but had told police there were seven others still inside. It was also thought Indian nationals were among the hostages.

Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack and posted photos online via Amaq, its propaganda agency, which it claimed were of foreigners killed in the attack.

Local media reported that gunmen had entered the cafe and opened fire at around 9.20pm.

Mohammad Jasimuddin, a member of the kitchen staff, was inside the restaurant when the gunmen stormed in. “There were about 50 to 60 staff inside. These people came and opened fire. We thought they were dacoits [bandits] and would leave after looting money and valuables,” he said.

“I heard them screaming Allahu Akbar [God is great] and firing shots,” he told the Guardian. “We thought they’d leave in 15 to 20 minutes, instead they went upstairs to the second floor [that was] under construction. They were firing from there.” He said that he and other employees jumped over barbed wire fences to escape. He estimated there were about 25 to 30 customers inside at the time.

A police constable named Kamruzzaman told the Guardian that the gunmen threw explosives from the second floor. “We reached the spot of the attack within seven minutes of the incident taking place,” he said. “They opened fire from there, we fired back.

“We tried to rescue a civilian but they shot him down. He was lying by the lakeside close to the restaurant,” Kamruzzaman added. “We didn’t know they had grenades in their possession.”

A local police station chief, Mohammed Salahuddin, was killed in the gunfight along with one other officer, confirmed Ashraful Karim, the assistant police commissioner and Salahuddin’s immediate superior.