‘Fellatio cafe’ where customers receive oral sex while they drink their (£40) coffee to be opened in Geneva


  • The ‘fellatio cafe’ is set to open in Geneva, Switzerland by end of the year
  • Customers ‘would order a coffee before choosing a prostitute on an iPad’
  • Men to pay more than £40 for drink and sex act, said firm behind scheme

A ‘fellatio cafe’ where customers receive oral sex while they drink their coffee is set to be opened in Switzerland.

The outlet, set to be up and running in Geneva by the end of the year, would see men ordering a coffee before their choosing their prostitute on an iPad.

Customers would pay more than £40 for the drink and sex act, according to the firm Facegirl, which is modelling the idea on similar establishments in Thailand.

 

‘In five or ten minutes, it’s all over,’ Charvet told newspaper Le Matin.

The ‘coffee’ would be the most expensive in the city at 60 Swiss francs – along with a five franc surplus for the drink.

But the plan come under fire from some quarters, with one anti-prostitution group claiming it would only benefit the men involved in setting up the business. 

According to The Local, prostitution is legal in Switzerland with sex workers required to have permits to operate.

It reports that businesses must register as massage parlours if two or more prostitutes are working there. 

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The Latest: British Media: ‘Leave’ Side Will Win EU Vote


The Latest on Britain’s referendum on whether to leave the European Union (all times local):

5 a.m.

UK broadcasters are predicting that Britain has voted to leave the 28-nation European Union in a historic referendum.

With 329 of 382 counting centers reporting results, the “leave” side is ahead by over 900,000 votes.

The results of Britain’s vote Thursday will seriously hurt the continental unity forged after World War II. The U.K. is the first major country to decide to leave the bloc, which evolved from the ashes of war as the region’s leaders sought to build links and avert future hostility.

The British pound has tumbled to a 31-year low as the results of the vote spook global markets.

———

4:50 a.m.

UK broadcasters predict that Britain has voted to leave the 28-nation European Union in a historic referendum.

With 323 of 382 counting centers reporting results, the “leave” side is ahead by over 900,000 votes.

———

4:35 a.m.

As “leave” votes pour in from Britain’s historic vote on European Union membership, post-mortems are already being produced. One expert says the “remain” side had suffered from “a degree of complacency.”

Tim Oliver, a fellow at the London School of Economics’ IDEAS foreign policy think tank says “the campaign failed to connect to ordinary people, seemed too much of an elite and London-based one.”

Oliver says the vote wasn’t just about Europe — but also about a popular British backlash against the capital and its elites. He says “the EU was one of the things kicked by this, but there were lots of other things such as a general anti-establishment feeling, anti-London feeling.”

———

4:25 a.m.

U.K. Independence Party leader Nigel Farage now says he thinks the “leave” side will win in Britain’s historic referendum on European Union membership.

Farage has pressed British Prime Minister David Cameron’s Conservative government to hold the referendum — and the vote has deeply split the ruling party.

To the cheers of supporters, Farage says “the dawn is breaking on an independent United Kingdom! If the predictions now are right, this will be a victory for real people, for ordinary people, a victory for decent people!”

Farage says June 23 will go down in history as the nation’s new independence day and he hopes the victory will bring down what he considers the failed European Union project.

The “leave” campaign has a lead over the “remain” side with about 70 percent of voting districts reporting early Friday.

———

4:10 a.m.

British pound tumbles to a 31-year low as EU vote results show the ‘leave’ side in lead by over 400,000 votes after 244 of 382 counting centers report results.

———

3:55 a.m.

The British pound is plunging as results come in from the EU referendum, falling to its lowest level since January 2009 hours after hitting its highest level for the year moments after the polls closed.

Uncertainty over the outcome of Britain’s vote on European Union membership is keeping world currency markets on edge Friday.

The British currency fell as low as $1.3642 hours after hitting a 2016 peak of $1.50.

———

3:40 a.m.

British voters seeking to leave the European Union hold the lead as results are being tabulated Friday morning.

With exactly half of U.K. voting districts reporting official results from Thursday’s referendum, the “leave” campaign has received 52 percent of support — more than 7.7 million votes — versus 48 percent for the “remain” camp, which has 7.2 million.

Analysts say anti-EU sentiment is running unexpectedly strong in northern English cities hits hard hit by industrial decline and job losses, with broad swathes of England and Wales recording “leave” majorities. But they caution that the “remain” side could regain the lead when more districts are declared in Britain’s colossal population center, London.

———

3:30 a.m.

The close vote in Britain’s referendum on EU membership made for stomach-churning twists and turns as the “remain” and “leave” camps traded the lead in the official count.

At a “remain” party in East London, Labour Party councilor Andrew Cregan said he and his guests had been through “a bit of a roller-coaster ride.”

He says “it was quite positive to begin with” since financial markets appeared to be pointing to a “remain” victory. But when northeast areas of Sunderland and Newcastle reported a surge in support for “leave,” he said the mood at his party soured quickly.

Cregan said the partygoers had mostly gone home but he couldn’t sleep until he saw the final result.

“I’m fearful of the result,” he said. “This is the most important decision that people are voting on in my lifetime. And I don’t think that many people who have cast a vote today understand what they’re casting a vote on, or understand what’s at stake.”

———

3:20 a.m.

Voters seeking a British exit from the European Union are leading, as one-third of official results have been declared in Britain’s historic referendum.

As Friday’s vote counting continued overnight, the “leave” side led with 50.9 percent of votes with “remain” trailing on 49.1 percent. The gap between the two sides stood at about 191,000 votes with 144 of the 382 count centers reporting results.

———

2:40 a.m.

Early results from London are showing strong support for the campaign to keep Britain within the European Union.

A win for the pro-European forces in the cosmopolitan capital was expected, but the high margins of victory in some London areas have given a little confidence to the “remain” camp amid poor results elsewhere.

The key will be turnout in a city that saw massive summer downpours on referendum day Thursday that caused some train and traffic chaos.

The south London boroughs of Wandsworth and Lambeth saw big margins and high turnouts, with 75 percent and 79 percent backing the “remain” side respectively.

———

2:25 a.m.

A slew of new voting results from England, Wales and London are supporting the campaign to pull Britain out of Europe — and that means warning signs for the “remain” camp.

The first four results from Wales have shown majorities for the “leave” camp, even in Swansea, an urban area where “remain” had been expected to perform well.

The “leave” campaign also appeared to be doing better-than-expected in northeast England, where voters overwhelmingly chose to leave the EU.

Early indications showed high turnout in London, where the “remain” side is expected to dominate, but some commentators said turnout would have to be even higher to counterbalance the “leave” vote elsewhere.

———

2:15 a.m.

The “leave” side has become the betting favorite for the first time in the British referendum campaign on whether to leave the 28-nation European Union.

The Betfair market predicts a 51 percent chance of Britain leaving the EU, after stronger-than-expected results for the out campaign in several areas of England and Wales.

Bookies’ odds on Brexit also shortened to as short as 6-5. They had been 5-1 only hours earlier, as polls pointed to a “remain” win.

———

1:55 a.m.

The results from the British referendum on European Union membership are still far too incomplete to draw any solid conclusions.

Still, a series of better-than-expected results for the “leave” camp appears to have convinced some people that the drive to pull Britain out of Europe has a real chance of winning.

Google Trends, an arm of the search engine giant, says there has been a 250 percent spike in searches for the phrase “what happens if we leave the EU” in the past hour.

———

1:25 a.m.

The neck-and-neck nature of the British referendum vote count had politicians and pollsters predicting an all-nighter for a nervous nation.

Senior Labour official John McDonnell is predicting a final result which will put both sides within one or two percentage points of each other.

One pollster described the vote as hanging “on a knife edge.”

Former Labour leader Ed Milliband told Sky News that the vote would be very close, saying “I think this is going to be a long night.”

———

12:50 a.m.

The British pound is getting whipsawed by volatile trading as initial results from the vote on whether the U.K. should remain in the European Union showed the race is too close to call.

The currency surged shortly after the polls closed Thursday, climbing to a 2016 peak of $1.50 after a leading proponent of the “leave” vote indicated he thought his side was heading for a loss. But the pound sold off — falling 4 cents in 5 minutes — after counts from cities including Newcastle and Sunderland showed the result was far from certain.

The pound was trading at about $1.453.

———

12:15 a.m.

The “remain” side has scored only a narrow victory in the large northern English city of Newcastle.

Official figures show that 50.7 percent of voters in Newcastle backed U.K. membership in the European Union and 49.3 percent wanted to leave.

The odds of a “remain” victory fell from almost 90 percent to 72 percent on the Betfair exchange, and the pound — which had soared after polls suggested a “remain” victory — fell by 1.5 cents against the dollar to $1.4830.

University of Strathclyde political scientist John Curtice told the BBC “it may be possible that the experts are going to have egg on their face later on tonight. It may be the first sign that the ‘remain’ side are not going to do as well as those early polls suggested.”

———

12:05 a.m. Friday

The vote counting in the northern England area of Leeds and neighboring Kirklees was briefly abandoned for a minute’s silence in honor of lawmaker Jo Cox, who was stabbed and shot to death in the run-up to the referendum.

The killing of Cox, a parliamentarian with Britain’s opposition Labour Party, shocked the country and prompted both the “remain” and the “leave” camps to suspend their campaigning.

Television footage showed ballot papers being set aside as counters stood up and bowed their heads late Thursday before resuming their work. Cox’s death has loomed large over the vote, darkening the tone of an already fiercely fought campaign.

———

11:50 p.m.

UK Independence Party leader Nigel Farage says “the euroskeptic genie is now out of the bottle and it will not be put back.”

Farage appeared to walk back on his apparent concession after the British polls closed Thursday night on the EU referendum, telling reporters in London that “maybe just under half, maybe just over half of the country” had voted to pull Britain out of the EU.

Still, he struck a downbeat note, saying the government’s decision to extend the voter registration deadline before the vote had probably tipped the scales in the “remain” camp’s favor.

His comments already seemed to look past Thursday’s vote to further fights ahead.

Farage says “win or lose this battle tonight, we will win this war.” He says “we will get our independence back. We will get our country back. We will get our borders back.”

———

11:45 p.m.

Gibraltar, the first British territory to announce its EU referendum result, says an overwhelming 95.8 percent of its voters have backed remaining in the bloc.

Gibraltar’s leader, Chief Minister Fabian Picardo, says a lopsided pro-EU vote was always expected because of the British overseas territory’s dependence on maintaining easy cross-border travel and trade with neighboring EU member Spain.

The strategic spot overlooking the western entrance to the Mediterranean was seized by Britain in 1704. Today the territory, barely 3 square miles (7 square kilometers) in size, is home to more than 30,000 British citizens.

Gibraltar electoral officials say of the 20,172 people who voted, 19,322 chose to remain in the EU.

———

11:30 p.m.

Pollster Ipsos MORI says a survey conducted on Wednesday and Thursday suggests the “remain” side will win Britain’s EU referendum by a margin of 54 percent to 46 percent.

Earlier Thursday, the firm released a poll conducted Wednesday that indicated a 52-48 victory for “remain.” That phone poll of 1,592 people had a margin of error of plus or minus three percentage points.

The firm’s chief executive, Ben Page, said continued polling on Thursday — referendum day — suggested a bigger swing to “remain” that gave the 54-46 result.

Britons were voting on whether or not to leave the 28-nation European Union.

———

11:25 p.m.

Early reports suggest a very high turnout in Britain’s EU referendum.

The first area to officially declare its turnout was Gibraltar, a British enclave at the southern tip of Spain that is expected to heavily back a “remain” vote. There, almost 84 percent of eligible voters turned out to cast ballots.

Local counting officers in several areas say turnout was higher than in last year’s general election, which was 66 percent.

High turnout is expected to boost the “remain” vote, because “leave” supporters are thought to be more motivated. But high turnout in working-class areas that typically have lower tallies could also boost the “leave” vote.

The last time Britain had a referendum on its EU membership, in 1975, turnout was 65 percent.

———

10:45 p.m.

Dozens of Conservative lawmakers who called for Britain to leave the European Union have signed a letter saying Prime Minister David Cameron should stay in office whichever side wins the membership referendum.

The letter signed by 84 legislators says “whatever the British people, decide you have both a mandate and a duty to continue leading the nation implementing our policies.”

That leaves more than 60 Brexit-supporting Tory lawmakers who did not sign.

The referendum on the EU has deeply split Cameron’s Conservative party. Cameron led the “remain” campaign, but senior figures including Justice Secretary Michael Gove and former London Mayor Boris Johnson backed a “leave” vote.

Many observers feel Cameron will have to resign if Britons vote to leave the 28-nation bloc.

———

10:30 p.m.

Reports that the “remain” side could be headed to victory in Britain’s referendum on European Union membership have sent the British pound surging more than 1 percent to $1.50.

Polling station workers in Britain were seen rushing ballot boxes to be counted after the polls closed at 10 p.m. Thursday. Results are expected Friday morning.

———

10:20 p.m.

British Electoral Commission Chair Jenny Watson says the first stages of the vote counting process are now underway in Britain’s referendum on membership in the European Union.

Polling station workers were seen rushing ballot boxes to be counted.

The vote is expected to be close in the battle over whether Britain should stay in the European Union or leave the 28-nation bloc. Watson says final results should come in Friday morning.

UK Independent Party leader Nigel Farage, a leader of the “leave” campaign tells Sky news “it looks like ‘remain’ will edge it” but most British politicians said it was impossible to know at this time.

———

10:05 p.m.

UK Independent Party leader Nigel Farage tells Sky news “it looks like ‘remain’ will edge it” in Britain’s referendum on whether to stay in the 28-nation European Union.

Polls have closed in the historic vote and counting was beginning immediately Thursday.

Farage was one of the leaders of the ‘leave’ side in the referendum.

———

10 p.m.

Polls have closed in Britain’s historic referendum to decide whether the country remains in the European Union.

The voting Thursday was hampered by torrential rain and some flooding in London and parts of southeast England.

Counting will begin immediately with results expected Friday morning. Final polls suggested a close race.

Prime Minister David Cameron led the campaign to keep Britain inside the 28-nation bloc. He argued that participation strengthens Britain’s economy and security.

Former London Mayor Boris Johnson and others on the “leave” side said Britain would be stronger and wealthier on its own.

The divisive campaign saw heated rhetoric on both sides and split the ranks of Cameron’s Conservative Party.

———

9:30 p.m.

Both sides in Britain’s referendum campaign are urging supporters to get out and vote, with less than an hour to go until polls close.

Britain Stronger in Europe tweeted that people should vote to remain for “a brighter future for your children and generations to come.”

Vote Leave chief executive Matthew Elliott urged people in the “heartlands” outside London and Scotland — expected to be big “remain” strongholds — to make an extra effort.

Former London Mayor Boris Johnson, who leads the “leave” campaign, said polls suggested the outcome would be close. But he says “all the information is that turnout is good in areas where we need it to be.”

Polls close at 10 p.m. (2100GMT).

———

5:35 p.m.

Rain and thunderstorms are causing canceled trains and slow journeys in the London area as people travel home from work.

Southeast England was hammered by up to 1.75 inches (4.6 centimeters) of rain overnight — roughly the average for all of June — and another band of rain swept through on Thursday afternoon.

Signal failures caused by flooding shut down sections of the London Underground subway system and several train lines into the capital. The Rail Delivery Group says train services will be severely disrupted Thursday evening and people should head home early if they can.

The disruption could hit the turnout for Britain’s referendum on whether to stay in the 28-nation European Union as many people go to polling booths after work. The polls close at 10 p.m. (2100GMT).

———

5:10 p.m.

Italy’s finance minister says whatever British voters decide, there’s already a fracture with the European Union.

Minister Pier Carlo Padoan is being quoted as saying at a forum in Rome on Thursday that no matter what happens, it will be impossible to assert “let’s pick up as if nothing” happened.

The Italian news agency ANSA quoted him as saying that as Britons vote to decide whether to exit or stay in the EU, that “the fracture has already happened and in a very clear-cut way.” Padoan said the consequences will vary, depending on the outcome, but “there won’t be the same path as if there hadn’t been the referendum initiative.”

———

4:15 p.m.

The European Union’s migration commissioner has described the British people as an “integral part of our European family” as voters decide whether to remain in the bloc.

Dimitris Avramopoulos told a finance conference near Athens that “this … is one of the most crucial moments of modern European history.

“The citizens of the United Kingdom, an integral part of our European family, are deciding whether they want to remain or exit our common European home.”

Europe’s migration crisis played a prominent role in the campaigning ahead of Thursday’s referendum by those who want Britain to leave the EU.

Avramopoulos said: “Let’s be frank: Europe found itself unprepared in the middle of an unprecedented migration and refugee crisis.” He added that the number of arrivals by migrants and refugees in the EU this year had been drastically reduced by tougher border policing and a deportation agreement with Turkey.

———

2:20 p.m.

The founder of anti-secrecy site WikiLeaks plans to host a live, online punditry show about Britain’s referendum on whether to stay in the EU.

Julian Assange has been holed up in the Ecuadorean Embassy in London since 2012.

He is wanted for questioning by Swedish police over rape allegations stemming from his visit to the country in 2010. He denies all the accusations against him made by two women.

The Australian recently said he was “pretty much” in favor of Britain leaving the European Union, arguing that its membership was holding the 28-nation bloc back.

Guests billed for Assange’s show include Greece’s ex-finance minister Yanis Varoufakis, musician Brian Eno and “former CIA officers.” It is scheduled to run from 1900 GMT Thursday until early Friday morning, when referendum results are expected.

———

2:10 p.m.

England soccer captain Wayne Rooney isn’t following David Beckham’s lead in announcing how he voted in the referendum about whether Britain remains in the European Union. Or even if he voted at all.

Asked Thursday if he voted, Rooney said, “I’d like to keep that private.”

Speaking at England’s training base north of Paris during the European Championship, Rooney said, “The option has been there for the players (to vote during the tournament) — I don’t know which ones have, which ones haven’t.”

On Tuesday, Beckham, a former England captain, said he would be voting for Britain to remain in the European Union, highlighting how his successes with English club Manchester United owed much to European players and how welcoming he later found playing soccer for continental clubs.

———

1:25 p.m.

A sense of uncertainty seemed to hang over central Edinburgh in Scotland as voters pondered how a vote for Britain to leave the European Union might affect the Scottish independence movement.

Some believe a British decision to leave the EU bloc in Thursday’s referendum might trigger another Scottish vote on independence like the one that fell short in 2014.

Clayton Thomson, a 30-year-old bar manager, said Scottish nationalists might call another referendum if a “leave” vote takes Scotland and the rest of Britain out of the European bloc.

Retiree Robert McCallum, 84, also believes a British exit, or Brexit, would increase calls for Scotland to sever its ties to Britain.

The popular Scottish National Party, which spearheads the Scottish independence movement, advocates keeping Britain inside the EU.

———

1:15 p.m.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel says the European Union should respond in a calm and inclusive way to whatever result emerges from the British referendum on EU membership.

Merkel said after meeting her Austrian counterpart in Berlin Thursday that she doesn’t favor discussing the consequences in small groups of EU countries. She said: “overall, I think discussions must now be continued with 28 (countries) if possible and otherwise with all countries — that would be 27 — but my hopes are pinned on it possibly being able to remain 28.”

She noted that an already-scheduled EU summit starting next Tuesday will give countries “the opportunity to discuss all together and calmly how we continue to implement our agenda.”

———

1 p.m.

Denmark’s prime minister says “it would be a tough job” to work out what would happen if British voters decide to leave the European Union.

Lars Loekke Rasmussen says work would start Friday, adding he hopes for “a peaceful divorce” should Britain leave the bloc that it joined at the same time as Danes in 1973. The Scandinavian nation has opted out of parts of EU treaties for fear of losing sovereignty but it has no plans for a membership referendum.

Norwegian Foreign Minister Boerge Brende, whose country twice has rejected EU membership, wrote Thursday on Twitter “Fingers crossed for (hashtag) remain.”

The oil-rich nation has signed up to the European Economic Area agreement and thereby access to the EU’s huge single market.

———

12:30 p.m.

Hungary’s foreign minister says it would be against the interests of his country and of the European Union for Britain to leave the EU.

Foreign Minister Peter Szijjarto on Thursday described Britain as a “pragmatic voice” in the debate about the future of the EU, often in line with Hungary’s vision of the 28-member bloc, adding that its exit would be “contradictory” from a political and economic perspective.

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban earlier this week bought a full-page ad in a British newspaper The Daily Mail, to say that “Hungary is proud to stand with you as a member of the European Union.”

An estimated 300,000 Hungarians live in Britain.

———

11:55 a.m.

An opinion poll conducted on the eve of Britain’s referendum shows a narrow lead for those who want Britain to remain a part of the European Union.

Polling firm Ipsos MORI says the “remain” camp enjoyed a four-point lead ahead of the vote. But the polling firm’s chief executive, Ben Page, says 13 percent of those polled said they still might change their minds.

The poll of 1,592 people was conducted for the Evening Standard newspaper and was completed Wednesday night.

Page said Thursday that heavy rain in London may affect the vote, because the British capital is seen as a “remain” stronghold.

Recent opinion polls in Britain have been unreliable.

———

11:40 a.m.

Betfair says momentum has moved to the “remain” camp in a referendum on whether or not Britain will remain in the European Union.

The betting market says the probability that the country will remain now stands at 86 percent, with a British exit or Brexit given just a 14 percent chance. Betfair says some 55 million pounds ($80 million) has now traded on the market, making it their biggest market to date. Their previous high was the 2012 U.S. presidential election at 40 million pounds.

The FTSE 100 gained 1.5 percent in early trading to 6,355.64, buoyed by sentiment that the uncertainty caused by a potential Brexit may be receding.

———

10:40 a.m.

The British pound and stock markets are rallying in morning trading in Europe, an indication that investors are betting that Britain is more likely to vote to “remain” in the European Union.

The pound was up 1.1 percent on the day, at $1.4874, the highest level so far this year. Britain’s benchmark stock index, the FTSE 100, was up 1.6 percent at 6,362. Germany’s DAX was up 2.2 percent at 10,297.

Experts say that an exit from the EU would hurt the pound as well as global stock markets, at least in the short term.

While exit polls are not allowed to be published during Thursday’s vote, which closes at 10 p.m. (2100 GMT) some financial companies have reportedly commissioned private exit polling services to help guide their trading.

———

10:30 a.m.

Germany’s biggest-selling newspaper has an offer for the British: stay in the European Union and we’ll stop making jokes about Prince Charles’ ears and reserve you places by the hotel pool in the morning.

The mass-circulation Bild daily dipped into decades of clichés about British-German relations for its front page Thursday, headlined “Dear Britons, if you stay in the EU …”

Among the offers: “We won’t use any sun cream at the beach any more — out of solidarity with your sunburn!” And “we’ll push through an EU directive banning foam on beer!”

Topping the list was an offer that would stick in any Germany soccer fan’s throat: “Even we will recognize the Wembley goal!” That’s a reference to England’s third goal in its 1966 World Cup final victory, which Germans maintain didn’t cross the goal line.

———

9:05 a.m.

Voters in parts of Britain are facing floods and torrential downpours as they cast their ballots in a referendum on whether or not to remain in the European Union.

The capital, London, is expecting a month’s rainfall in a few hours Thursday. Overnight thunderstorms flooded some streets, homes and businesses. Commuters also suffered disruptions.

London’s Fire Brigade says it received hundreds of calls related to the weather, including reports of lightning strikes and rising water that trapped vehicles.

The Environment Agency has issued four flood warnings and 22 flood alerts across the southeastern part of the country.

Sunny weather is predicted for much of the rest of the country.

Pollsters say turnout will be a critical factor in the vote. A large turnout will favor the “remain” campaign as those who waver at the end tend to go for the status quo.

———

9 a.m.

Prime Minister David Cameron has cast his ballot in the referendum on whether or not Britain will remain in the European Union.

The Conservative leader had headed the campaign to have Britain stay in the 28-nation bloc.

The leader of the opposition Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn, also cast his ballot in the referendum, which is considered historic because it will have an impact on generations to come.

———

7:15 a.m.

Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull says there will be a big impact on the global economy if Britain votes to leave the European Union.

“It would be a very big shock, there is no doubt about that. … There will be obviously be great efforts to ensure that the consequences of that shock are minimized,” Turnbull told reporters.

Foreign Minister Julie Bishop told reporters it is in Australia’s “national interest for a strong Britain, an indispensable friend and ally of ours, to remain within the European Union.”

———

7 a.m.

Polls have opened in Britain for a referendum on whether the country should quit the European Union bloc it joined 43 years ago.

More than 46 million people are registered to vote in Thursday’s plebiscite, which asks: “Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union?”

Polls are open until 10 p.m. (2100GMT), with results due early Friday.

The referendum has exposed deep divisions over issues including sovereignty and national identity.

“Leave” campaigners claim that only a British exit can restore power to Parliament and control immigration. The “remain” campaign led by Prime Minister David Cameron argues that Britain is safer and richer inside the 28-nation EU.

Financial markets have been volatile ahead of the vote, as opinion polls suggested a tight race.

21 th century. Nibiru is coming back


 

 

 

The Nibiru cataclysm is a supposed disastrous encounter between the Earth and a large planetary object (either a collision or a near-miss) which certain groups believe will take place in the early 21st century. Believers in this doomsday event usually refer to this object as Planet X or Nibiru. The idea that a planet-sized object will collide with or closely pass by Earth in the near future is not supported by any scientific evidence and has been rejected as pseudoscience and an internet hoax by astronomers and planetary scientists.[2][3]

The idea was first put forward in 1995 by Nancy Lieder,[4][5] founder of the website ZetaTalk. Lieder describes herself as a contactee with the ability to receive messages from extraterrestrials from the Zeta Reticuli star system through an implant in her brain. She states that she was chosen to warn mankind that the object would sweep through the inner Solar System in May 2003 (though that date was later postponed) causing Earth to undergo a physical pole shift that would destroy most of humanity.[6] The prediction has subsequently spread beyond Lieder’s website and has been embraced by numerous Internet doomsday groups, most of which linked the event to the 2012 phenomenon. Since 2012, the Nibiru cataclysm has frequently reappeared in the popular media; usually linked to newsmaking astronomical objects such as Comet ISON or Planet Nine. Although the name “Nibiru” is derived from the works of the ancient astronaut writer Zecharia Sitchin and his interpretations of Babylonian and Sumerian mythology, he denied any connection between his work and various claims of a coming apocalypse

 

Origins

Nancy Lieder

The idea of the Nibiru encounter originated with Nancy Lieder, a Wisconsin woman who claims that as a girl she was contacted by gray extraterrestrials called Zetas, who implanted a communications device in her brain. In 1995, she founded the website ZetaTalk to disseminate her ideas.[7] Lieder first came to public attention on Internet newsgroups during the build-up to Comet Hale–Bopp‘s 1997 perihelion. She stated, claiming to speak as the Zetas,[8] that “The Hale-Bopp comet does not exist. It is a fraud, perpetrated by those who would have the teeming masses quiescent until it is too late. Hale-Bopp is nothing more than a distant star, and will draw no closer.”[9] She claimed that the Hale-Bopp story was manufactured to distract people from the imminent arrival of a large planetary object, “Planet X”, which would soon pass by Earth and destroy civilization.[9] After Hale-Bopp’s perihelion revealed it as one of the brightest and longest-observed comets of the last century,[10] Lieder removed the first two sentences of her initial statement from her site, though they can still be found in Google‘s archives.[9] Her claims eventually made the New York Times.[11]

Lieder described Planet X as roughly four times the size of the Earth, and said that its closest approach would occur on May 27, 2003, resulting in the Earth’s rotation ceasing for exactly 5.9 terrestrial days. This would be followed by the Earth’s pole destabilising in a pole shift (a physical pole shift, with the Earth’s pole physically moving, rather than a geomagnetic reversal) caused by magnetic attraction between the Earth’s core and the magnetism of the passing planet. This in turn would disrupt the Earth’s magnetic core and lead to subsequent displacement of the Earth’s crust.[12]

After Lieder, the first person to propagate her Planet X idea was Mark Hazlewood, a former member of the ZetaTalk community, who in 2001 published a book titled Blindsided: Planet X Passes in 2003. Lieder would later accuse him of being a confidence trickster.[13] A Japanese cult called the Pana Wave Laboratory, which blocked off roads and rivers with white cloths to protect itself from electromagnetic attacks, also warned that the world would end in May 2003 after the approach of a tenth planet.[14]

Roughly a week before the supposed arrival of Planet X in May 2003, Lieder appeared on KROQ-FM radio in Los Angeles, and advised listeners to euthanize their pets in anticipation of the event as she had done.[15] This led the Fortean Times to conclude that she had put down her dog(s) to save them from further suffering during the Pole Shift.[16] Later, in a 2004 interview she said that she had euthanized her dog because it was acting aggressively.[17] After the 2003 date passed without incident, Lieder said that it was merely a “white lie … to fool the establishment.”[18] She refused to disclose the true date, saying that to do so would give those in power enough time to declare martial law and trap people in cities during the shift, leading to their deaths.[19] Though Lieder herself has not specified a new date for the object’s return, many groups have taken up her idea and cited their own dates. One frequently cited date was December 21, 2012. This date had many apocalyptic associations, as it was the end of a cycle (baktun) in the long count in the Mayan calendar. Several writers published books connecting the encounter with 2012.[20] Despite that date having passed, many websites still contend that Nibiru/Planet X is en route to Earth.[21]

In 2012, Lieder claimed that U.S. President Barack Obama futilely attempted to announce the presence of Nibiru near the sun.[22] After 2012, she claimed that several world leaders had intended to announce the presence of Nibiru near the sun on October 20, 2014. Two weeks after the supposed date of announcement, she claimed that it did not occur because of consternation amongst the establishment.[23]

Zecharia Sitchin and Sumer[edit]

Zecharia Sitchin

Although Lieder originally referred to the object as “Planet X”, it has become deeply associated with Nibiru, a planet from the works of ancient astronaut proponent Zecharia Sitchin, particularly his book The 12th Planet. According to Sitchin’s interpretation of Babylonian religious texts, which contradicts conclusions reached by credited scholars on the subject,[24][25] a giant planet (called Nibiru or Marduk) passes by Earth every 3,600 years and allows its sentient inhabitants to interact with humanity. These beings, which Sitchin identified with the Annunaki of Sumerian myth, would become humanity’s first gods.[26] Lieder first made the connection between Nibiru and her Planet X on her site in 1996 (“Planet X does exist, and it is the 12th Planet, one and the same.”).[27]

However, Sitchin, who died in 2010, denied any connection between his work and Lieder’s claims. In 2007, partly in response to Lieder’s proclamations, Sitchin published a book, The End of Days, which set the time for the last passing of Nibiru by Earth at 556 BC, which would mean, given the object’s supposed 3,600-year orbit, that it would return sometime around AD 2900.[28] He did however say that he believed that the Annunaki might return earlier by spaceship, and that the timing of their return would coincide with the shift from the astrological Age of Pisces to the Age of Aquarius, sometime between 2090 and 2370.[29]

Scientific rejection

Astronomers reject the idea of Nibiru, and have made efforts to inform the public that there is no threat to Earth.[30] They point out that such an object so close to Earth would be easily visible to the naked eye. A planet such as Nibiru would create noticeable effects in the orbits of the outer planets.[31] Some counter this by claiming that the object has been concealed behind the Sun for several years, though this would be geometrically impossible.[20] Most photographs showing “Nibiru” by the Sun are in fact of lens flares, false images of the Sun created by reflections within the lens.[32]

 

 

Astronomer Mike Brown notes that if this object’s orbit were as described, it would only have lasted in the Solar System for a million years or so before Jupiter expelled it, and that there is no way another object’s magnetic field could have such an effect on Earth.[33] Lieder’s assertions that the approach of Nibiru would cause the Earth’s rotation to stop or its axis to shift violate the laws of physics. In his rebuttal of Immanuel Velikovsky‘s Worlds in Collision, which made the same claim that the Earth’s rotation could be stopped and then restarted, Carl Sagan noted that, “the energy required to brake the Earth is not enough to melt it, although it would result in a noticeable increase in temperature: The oceans would [be] raised to the boiling point of water … [Also,] how does the Earth get started up again, rotating at approximately the same rate of spin? The Earth cannot do it by itself, because of the law of the conservation of angular momentum.”[34]

In a 2009 interview with the Discovery Channel, Mike Brown noted that, while it is not impossible that the Sun has a distant planetary companion, such an object would have to be lying very far from the observed regions of the Solar System to have no detectable gravitational effect on the other planets. A Mars-sized object could lie undetected at 300 AU (10 times the distance of Neptune); a Jupiter-sized object at 30,000 AU. To travel 1000 AU in two years, an object would need to be moving at 2400 km/s – faster than the galactic escape velocity. At that speed, any object would be shot out of the Solar System, and then out of the Milky Way galaxy into intergalactic space.[35]

Conspiracy theories

Many believers in the imminent approach of Planet X/Nibiru accuse NASA of deliberately covering up visual evidence of its existence.[36] One such accusation involves the IRAS infrared space observatory, launched in 1983. The satellite briefly made headlines due to an “unknown object” that was at first described as “possibly as large as the giant planet Jupiter and possibly so close to Earth that it would be part of this Solar System”.[37] This newspaper article has been cited by proponents of the Nibiru cataclysm, beginning with Lieder herself, as evidence for the existence of Nibiru.[38] However, further analysis revealed that of several initially unidentified objects, nine were distant galaxies and the tenth was “galactic cirrus“; none were found to be Solar System bodies.[39]

NASA images showing the expansion of a light echo around V838 Mon, between 2002 and 2004

Another accusation frequently made by websites predicting the collision is that the U.S. government built the South Pole Telescope (SPT) to track Nibiru’s trajectory, and that the object has been imaged optically.[40] However, the SPT (which is not funded by NASA) is a radio telescope, and cannot take optical images. Its South Pole location was chosen due to the low-humidity environment, and there is no way an approaching object could be seen only from the South Pole.[41] The “picture” of Nibiru posted on YouTube was revealed, in fact, to be a Hubble image of the expanding light echo around the star V838 Mon.[40]

Another conspiracy claim regards a patch of missing data in Google Sky near the constellation of Orion, which has often been cited as evidence that Nibiru has been redacted. However, the same region of sky can still be viewed by thousands of amateur astronomers. A scientist at Google said that the missing data is due to a glitch in the stitching software used to piece the images together.[42]

Another piece of claimed evidence drawn from Google Sky is the carbon star CW Leonis, which is the brightest object in the 10 μm infrared sky and is frequently claimed to be Nibiru.[43]

Misappellations

Believers in Planet X/Nibiru have given it many names since it was first proposed. All are, in fact, names for other real, hypothetical or imaginary Solar System objects that bear little resemblance either to the planet described by Lieder or to Nibiru as described by Sitchin.

Planet X

Lieder drew the name Planet X from the hypothetical planet once searched for by astronomers to account for discrepancies in the orbits of Uranus and Neptune.[27] In 1894, Bostonian astronomer Percival Lowell became convinced that the planets Uranus and Neptune had slight discrepancies in their orbits. He concluded that they were being tugged by the gravity of another, more distant planet, which he called “Planet X”.[44] However, nearly a century of searching failed to turn up any evidence for such an object (Pluto was initially believed to be Planet X, but was later determined to be too small).[45] In 1992, astronomer Myles Standish showed that the supposed discrepancies in the planets’ orbits were illusory, the product of overestimating the mass of Neptune.[46] Today astronomers accept that Planet X, at least as originally defined, does not exist.[47]

Hercolubus

Main article: Hercolubus

In 1999, New Age author V. M. Rabolu wrote in Hercolubus or Red Planet that Barnard’s star is actually a planet known to the ancients as Hercolubus, which purportedly came dangerously close to Earth in the past, destroying Atlantis, and will come close to Earth again.[48] Lieder subsequently used Rabolu’s ideas to bolster her claims.[49]

Barnard’s star has been directly measured to be 5.98 ± 0.003 light years from Earth (35.15 trillion miles).[50] While it is approaching Earth, Barnard’s Star will not make its closest approach to the Sun until around 11,700 AD, when it will approach to within some 3.8 light-years.[51] This is only slightly closer than the closest star to the Sun (Proxima Centauri) lies today.

Nemesis

Believers in Planet X/Nibiru have often confused it with Nemesis,[52] a hypothetical star first proposed by physicist Richard A. Muller. In 1984, Muller postulated that mass extinctions were not random, but appeared to occur in the fossil record with a loose periodicity that ranged from 26 to 34 million years. He attributed this supposed pattern to a heretofore undetected companion to the Sun, either a dim red dwarf or a brown dwarf, lying in an elliptical, 26-million-year orbit. This object, which he named Nemesis, would, once every 26 million years, pass through the Oort cloud, the shell of over a trillion icy objects believed to be the source of long-period comets that orbit at thousands of times Pluto’s distance from the Sun. Nemesis’s gravity would then disturb the comets’ orbits and send them into the inner Solar System, causing the Earth to be bombarded. However, to date no direct evidence of Nemesis has been found.[53] Though the idea of Nemesis appears similar to the Nibiru cataclysm, they are, in fact, very different, as Nemesis, if it existed, would have an orbital period thousands of times longer, and would never come near Earth itself.[52]

Sedna or Eris

Still others confuse Nibiru with Sedna (90377 Sedna) or Eris (136199 Eris), trans-Neptunian objects discovered by Mike Brown in 2003 and 2005 respectively.[54][55] However, despite having been described as a “tenth planet” in an early NASA press release,[56] Eris (Then known only as 2003 UB313) is now classified as a dwarf planet. Only slightly more massive than Pluto,[57] Eris has a well-determined orbit that never takes it closer than 5.5 billion km from the Earth.[58] Sedna is slightly smaller than Pluto,[59] and never comes closer to Earth than 11.4 billion km.[60] Mike Brown believes the confusion results from both the real Eris and the imaginary Nibiru having extremely elliptical orbits.[54]

Tyche

Others have tied it to Tyche;[61] the name proposed by John Matese and Daniel Whitmire of the University of Louisiana at Lafayette for an object they believe to be influencing the orbits of comets in the Oort cloud.[62] In February, 2011, Whitmire and his colleagues took their hypothesis to the public in an article in The Independent, in which they named the object “Tyche” and claimed that evidence for its existence would be found once data from the WISE infrared telescope was collated, leading to a spike in calls to astronomers.[63][64] The name, after the “good sister” of the Greek goddess Nemesis, was chosen to distinguish it from the similar Nemesis hypothesis as, unlike Nemesis, Matese and Whitmire do not believe that their object poses a threat to Earth.[65] Also, this object, if it exists, would, like Nemesis, have an orbit hundreds of times longer than that proposed for Nibiru, and never come near the inner Solar System.[61] In 2014, NASA announced that the WISE survey had ruled out the existence of Tyche as its proponents had defined it.[66]

Comet Elenin

Some associated Nibiru with Comet Elenin,[67] a long-period comet discovered by Russian astronomer Leonid Elenin on December 10, 2010.[68] On October 16, 2011, Elenin made its closest approach to the Earth at a distance of 0.2338 AU (34,980,000 km; 21,730,000 mi),[69][70] which is slightly closer than the planet Venus.[71] Nevertheless, in the leadup to its closest approach, claims spread on conspiracy websites concluded that it was on a collision course, that it was as large as Jupiter or even a brown dwarf, and even that the name of the discoverer, Leonid Elenin, was in fact code for ELE, or an Extinction Level Event.[67]

Although the sizes of comets are difficult to determine without close observation, Comet Elenin is likely to be less than 10 km in diameter.[72] Elenin himself estimates that the comet nucleus is roughly 3–4 km in diameter.[73] This would make it millions of times smaller than the supposed Nibiru. Comet hysteria is not uncommon.[74] Attempts have been made to correlate Elenin’s alignments with the 2011 Japan earthquake, the 2010 Canterbury earthquake, and 2010 Chile earthquake; however, even discounting Elenin’s tiny size, earthquakes are driven by forces within the earth, and cannot be triggered by the passage of nearby objects.[75] In 2011, Leonid Elenin ran a simulation on his blog in which he increased the mass of the comet to that of a brown dwarf (0.05 solar masses). He demonstrated that its gravity would have caused noticeable changes in the orbit of Saturn years before its arrival in the inner Solar System.[76]

In August, 2011, Comet Elenin began to disintegrate,[77][78] and by the time of its closest approach in October 2011 the comet was undetected even by large ground-based telescopes.[79]

Comet ISON

A composite image of Comet ISON,[80] which generated a number of UFO claims.

On 21 September 2012, Vitali Nevski and Artyom Novichonok, using the International Scientific Optical Network of telescopes (ISON), discovered the comet C/2012 S1, popularly known as “Comet ISON”.[81] Its orbit was expected to take it within 0.429 AU (64,200,000 km; 39,900,000 mi) of Earth on 26 December 2013.[82] Nonetheless, believers tied it to the Nibiru cataclysm, claiming it would hit the Earth on that date, or that it would fragment and pieces of it would hit the Earth.[21] Images of the “fragments” of the comet circulating on the internet were shown to be camera artifacts.[21] On April 30, 2013, the Hubble Space Telescope took three pictures of the comet over the course of 12 hours, which were published as a composite in Hubble’s archives.[83] This led to speculation on conspiracy sites that the comet had split into 3 pieces, or even that it was a UFO.[84] After ISON passed perihelion on 28 November, it rapidly began to fade, leaving many to suspect that it had been destroyed as it passed the Sun. While a dim remnant did eventually return round the Sun, it was generally accepted to be a cloud of dust, rather than a solid object.[85] On 2 December 2013, the CIOC (NASA Comet ISON Observing Campaign) officially announced that Comet ISON had fully disintegrated.[86][87] The Hubble Space Telescope failed to detect fragments of ISON on 18 December 2013.[88] On 8 May 2014, a detailed examination of the comet disintegration was published, suggesting that the comet fully disintegrated hours before perihelion.[80]

Planet Nine

Main article: Planet Nine

In March 2014, astronomers Chad Trujillo and Scott Sheppard published a paper in Nature arguing that the apparent clustering of the arguments of perihelion of distant trans-Neptunian objects suggested the existence of a large trans-Neptunian planet.[89] On January 20, 2016, Mike Brown and Konstantin Batygin announced that they had corroborated Trujillo and Sheppard’s findings, and that they believed the planet, which they dubbed “Planet Nine“, would have a mass roughly ten times that of the Earth, and a semimajor axis of approximately 400–1500 AU (60–225 billion km).[90] Believers in Nibiru and the Nibiru cataclysm immediately argued that this constituted evidence for their claims. However, astronomers pointed out that this planet, if it exists, would have a perihelion (closest approach to the Sun) of roughly 200 AU, or 30 billion km.[91]

In March 2016, believers in the Nibiru cataclysm began to suggest that the month marked the true date for Nibiru’s arrival and the destruction of Earth.[92] That same month, the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society published a paper by Daniel Whitmire (who had proposed the existence of Tyche) in which he reconsidered a modified version of the Nemesis model he had first proposed in 1985[93] in light of recent speculations concerning the possibility of a trans-Neptunian planet.[94] The hypothesis argues that an object far closer to the Sun than Nemesis could have a similar effect if its orbit precessed at a rate thousands of times slower than its actual speed, which would mean it might only interact with the Kuiper belt every 27 million years, potentially sending comets into the inner Solar System and triggering mass extinctions.[93] However, the paper had been initially published online in November 2015, before Brown and Batygin went public with Planet Nine,[94] and concerns a different object far closer to the Sun (100 AU vs. ~600 AU); Planet Nine, if it exists, is too far away, says Brown, to have such an effect on the Kuiper belt.[95] Nonetheless, an article in the British tabloid The Sun (later republished in the New York Post)[96] conflated the three ideas of Nibiru, Planet Nine and Whitmire’s planet to suggest that not only had Planet Nine been found, but that it would collide with Earth at the end of April,[97] which resulted in Batygin receiving a spike in panicked calls.[98]

Public reaction

The impact of the public fear of the Nibiru cataclysm has been especially felt by professional astronomers. In 2008, Mike Brown said that Nibiru was the most common pseudoscientific topic he was asked about.[33]

Before his retirement after 2012, David Morrison, director of SETI, CSI Fellow and Senior Scientist at NASA‘s Astrobiology Institute at Ames Research Center, said he received 20 to 25 emails a week about the impending arrival of Nibiru: some frightened, others angry and naming him as part of the conspiracy to keep the truth of the impending apocalypse from the public, and still others asking whether or not they should kill themselves, their children or their pets.[36][99] Half of these emails are from outside the U.S.[20] “Planetary scientists are being driven to distraction by Nibiru,” notes science writer Govert Schilling, “And it is not surprising; you devote so much time, energy and creativity to fascinating scientific research, and find yourself on the tracks of the most amazing and interesting things, and all the public at large is concerned about is some crackpot theory about clay tablets, god-astronauts and a planet that doesn’t exist.”[2] In a similar vein, Professor Brian Cox Tweeted in 2012 that, “If anyone else asks me about “Nibiru” the imaginary bullshit planet I will slap them around their irrational heads with Newton’s Principia.”[100] Prior to the 2012 date, Morrison stated that he hoped that the non-arrival of Nibiru could serve as a teaching moment for the public, instructing them on “rational thought and baloney detection”, but doubted that would happen.[36]

Morrison noted in a lecture recorded on FORA.tv that there was a huge disconnect between the large number of people on the Internet who believed in Nibiru’s arrival and the majority of scientists who have never heard of it. To date he is the only major NASA scientist to speak out regularly against the Nibiru phenomenon.[99]

Cultural influence

A viral marketing campaign for Sony Pictures‘ 2009 film 2012, directed by Roland Emmerich, which depicts the end of the world in the year 2012, featured a supposed warning from the “Institute for Human Continuity” that listed the arrival of Planet X as one of its doomsday scenarios.[101] Mike Brown attributed a spike in concerned emails and phone calls he received from the public to this site.[54] Danish filmmaker Lars von Trier drew inspiration from Nibiru for his 2011 apocalyptic film Melancholia.[102]

The 2010 animated television series Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated features Nibiru as a major plot point in its second season, tying the apocalyptic event with its mythological namesake.

 

source Wikipedia

Oggetti consegnati al Museo da Detectorist


6 Awesome Treasure Hunt Finds by Amateurs

Arr, there be gold, Jim lad! Source

Treasure! The vaults of museums around the world are filled with precious antiquities, but who knows how many historical relics are still out there waiting to be discovered? If this list proves anything, it’s that anyone can strike it lucky… even you. So grab your shovel, your metal detector and get digging.

 

Buried in the field out back? Source

The advancement of modern technology has rendered the x-marked-map obsolete; the bulk of significant treasure finds are made by amateurs armed with nothing more than metal detectors, patience and a thermos flask. We’ve broken down the six largest UK finds of the past fifty years. Read closely and you may learn how to get your hands on your own share of the loot.

6. Treasure: Ringlemere Cup
Location: Sandwich, Kent
Year: 2001

Not exactly in mint condition. Source

One morning in a muddy field near Ringlemere, East Kent, metal detector hobbyist Cliff Bradshaw heard a tell tale beep. After some digging Mr Bradshaw unearthed an exquisite and rare gold chalice, now known as the Ringlemere Cup. It was only the second example of its type to come from Britain.

The first gold cup was discovered in 1837. Source

These gold vessels date from the very early Bronze Age (2300 BC – 4000 years ago). They are similar to examples found around the Mediterranean, suggesting connections between the Cornish and Greek peoples. The cup was purchased from Mr Bradshaw by the British Museum for £270,000. Quite the reward for one muddy mornings work.

Value: £270,000

Source

5. Treasure: Fishpool Hoard
Location: Ravenshead, Nottinghamshire
Year: 1966

One of the beautiful gold and enamel brooches found in the Fishpool Hoard. Source

In 1966, workmen digging on a building site accidently uncovered the largest hoard of medieval coins ever found in Britain. This tremendous trove from the 15th century contained 1,237 gold coins, four rings, four pieces of jewellery, and two lengths of gold chain.

The Fishpool Horde in all its glory. Source

It is thought that the hoard was buried by someone fleeing from one of the early battles of the War of the Roses. The jewellery of the hoard is gold set with gems and enamel. These 15th century pieces are truly stunning. (High resolution photographs available here, here and here.

The heart-shaped brooch is engraved with the phrase “je suys vostre sans de partier” (I am yours wholly). This romantic hoard was purchased by the British Museum for around £300,000.

Value: £300,000

Source

4. Treasure: Roman Coin Hoard
Location: Frome, Somerset
Year: 2010

Dirty money. Source

Dave Crisp was hoping, at best, to find a roman silver coin when he started searching in a farmer’s field near Frome. After a few hours fruitless sweeping he received a ‘funny signal’. That signal turned out to be one of the largest coin hordes ever found.

Crisp was overjoyed by his find. Source

During an emergency 3-day excavation over 52,000 Roman coins were found, amounting to an astounding half a million pounds in value. Unfortunately for Dave his entire find was confiscated by the Crown.

Value: £500,000

Source

3. Treasure: Silverdale Hoard
Location: Harrogate, North Yorkshire
Year: 2007

The appropriately named Silverdale Horde.Source

David Whelan and his son Andrew were metal detecting in a North Yorkshire field when, after receiving a strong signal, they discovered, hidden amongst scraps of iron, a finely engraved silver bowl. Upon realising its value a full-scale dig commenced which ultimately produced 617 silver coins and 65 other fine silver items.

This gold-lined silver bowl is over 1000 years old Source

Most of the items were made in France or Germany around 900 AD. They include ornaments, ingots and jewellery. The vessel in which they were hidden in is lined with gold and decorated with “vines, leaves and six hunting scenes showing lions, stags, and a horse”.

The horde was sold to the Yorkshire Museum, the Whelans and the landowners were left to split a cool 1 million pounds. (The local BBC news report can be found here.)

Value: £1,000,000

Source

2. Treasure: Hoxne Hoard
Location: Hoxne, Suffolk
Year: 1992

The plastic display case was not found with the horde. Source

All the treasure troves so far have been found by metal detectors in search of treasure; this particular hoard was found by men in search of a lost hammer. Peter Whatling summoned his friend Eric Lawes to help him search for an errant tool. While searching in Peter’s field they uncovered silver spoons, gold jewellery and numerous coins.

Fashionable even by todays standards. Source

After a full excavation, over 15,000 roman coins and 200 other items were found, including very rare examples roman jewellery. Lawes received a finder’s fee of £1.75m which was shared equally between himself and his farmer friend.

This is the largest payment ever granted by the crown to a treasure hunter.

Value: £1,750,000

Source

1. Treasure: King’s Ransom
Location: Lichfield, Staffordshire
Year: 2009

Select pieces from the 3,500 piece hoard. Source

The ancient city of Lichfield has many treasures: its cathedral, the home of Samuel Johnson… but few would expect it to hold the greatest treasure ever found on our small island. While exploring a local farmer’s field Terry Herbert discovered a veritable king’s ransom in Anglo-Saxon gold.

Three of the most valuable pieces of treasure ever found in the UK. Source

The hoard consists of approximately 3,500 pieces, comprising up to 5kg of gold and 1.3kg of silver. The gold items are some of the finest examples of Anglo-Saxon art ever seen: finely wrought golden animals, betrothal rings and jasper sword hilts, a truly spectacular find. The horde was valued at approximately £3.26 million.

It was confiscated by the Crown and is currently held by the British Museum.

Value: £3,260,000

Salisbury Metal Detecting Finds To Be Displayed At Local Museum

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Metal Detecting couple Brian and Val Read are to have their Metal Detecting finds displayed at Salisbury museum. The couple have found the items over a 20 year period in the Deverill Valley near Warminster, and the finds include a Roman Bust, a medieval tag and a gilded medieval brooch.

Other items found by locals are also on display at Salisbury museum including a Bronze Age Sword, a medieval seal, a fragment of a Bronze Age Spear and a Roman bowl.Medieval Seal Salisbury

A spokesman for the Salisbury Museum said “Mr and Mrs Read have been working closely with the Portable Antiquities Scheme for the past 11 years, and have contributed greatly”.

The director of the museum Adrian Green expressed ” I’m delighted to have the opportunity to show just how important the work of some talented local metal detectorist’s have become.

Since Brian and Val began, their salisbury metal detecting finds and work have been invaluable to the understanding of the history of Wessex.

Unfortunately the exhibition is temporary and if you would like to view it then it will only be displayed in the museum’s new Wessex Gallery of Archaeology until the end of February 2015.

The Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum is a a charitable, non-profit organisation and relies solely on entry fees, grants and donations to support the members to continue the vital work. You can now make a small donation online to

A selection of objects found by a husband and wife metal detecting team over a 20-year period have gone on display at Salisbury Museum.

Objects found by Brian and Val Rees in the Deverill valley near Warminster, include a Roman bust, a medieval tag and gilded medieval brooch.

Other items found locally by members of the public are also on show, including a medieval seal and a Bronze Age sword.

A fragment of a Bronze Age spear and a Roman bowl are also on display.

A museum spokesman said Mr and Mrs Rees had been working closely with the Portable Antiquities Scheme for the past 11 years.

The scheme was set up in 1997 to encourage the voluntary recording of archaeological objects found by members of the public.

Museum director Adrian Green said: “I’m delighted to have the opportunity to show just how important the work of some talented local detectorists has become.

“Since they’ve been co-operating with the scheme, their work has contributed enormously to our understanding of the history of Wessex.”

The temporary exhibition will be on show in the museum’s new Wessex Gallery of Archaeology until the end of February.

Hooked Tag showing eagle, possibly symbolising St John the Baptist
Image caption This early medieval hooked tag shows an eagle stretching its wings and talons, and is made from copper alloy with silver plate inlaid with niello.
The Sub-Deanery Seal Matrix
Image caption This pointed oval seal matrix from the sub deanery of Salisbury, made from copper-alloy between AD 1300 to AD 1400, was donated by an individual who found it whilst gardening in Laverstock
Bronze Age Sword
Image caption The hilt of this Ewart Park Phase sword was broken during the late Bronze Age. A section of the blade was hammered flat to create a makeshift hilt so that the sword could continue being used.

VIDEO: Watch The Moment A Huge Treasure Was Unearthed! (Seaton Down Hoard)

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https://youtu.be/FRq0SSgKvwo

One of the largest discoveries of Roman Coins in Britain was made by a metal detector enthusiast in Devon. A campaign by the local museum was quickly launched to purchase the incredible coins for the nation.

The British Museum announced the find on Friday the 26th of September 2014 and is calling it the Seaton Down Hoard. The hoard of coins was made up of approximately 22,000 coins of which dated back over 1700 years, and is officially the fifth largest discovery in Britain.

The detectorist’s name was Laurence Egerton who is 51 years old and a semi retired builder who resides in East Devon. He first discovered 2 two tiny ancient coins, about the size of a thumbnail near the surface of a field last year in November.Metal Detector finds Seaton Down Hoard

After he continued to dig deeper, his shovel returned FULL of the copper coins he quoted “They just spilled out all over the field it was an exciting moment. I had found a few Roman coins before but never so many together”

Laurence called in experts and watched in amazement as archaeologists unearthed thousands more, which were buried about a foot deep. Laurence Egerton was that concerned about his discovery and where it was found that he protected the site by sleeping in his care for three nights until the dig was over.

He told sources “It’s by far the biggest find I’ve ever had. It does not get any better. It is very important to record finds like these properly because it is so easy to lose important insights into our history” He found the coins near the Honeyditches site where a Roman villa had already been previously excavated.

The local county archaeologist Bill Horner, at the County Council of Devon said “We realized the significance and got a team together as quick as we could.” He also said “The coins were in fantastic condition, coming out of the ground you could see the portraits on the coins, a family tree of House Constantine.”

The coins have been lightly cleaned over the previous ten months, cataloged, researched and identified at the museum, there is still lots more work to do. The coins vary in age from 260 AD to around 350 AD. The coins feature a range of portraits, and described it as a “family tree of the House of Constantine”.

The Museum described the size of the find as “remarkable”, and continued to state that it was “one of the largest hoards eve found within the whole Roman Empire”. It is officially the fifth largest find in Britain, the Cunetio Hoard being the largest consisting of 55,000 coins. The Cunetio hoard was unearthed near Mildenhall, Wiltshire in 1978.Laurence Egerton Seaton Down Hoard

It has been said that the coins that have been found in the Seaton Down hoard would not have been very valuable at the time, the experts also estimated that they would have equaled four gold coins, which is equivalent to a workers average pay for two years of work.

The Royal Albert Art Gallery, and Memorial Museum located in Exeter are hoping to raise the money to purchase the collection and have made an appeal to the public for donations.

The hoard discovery has yet to be valued, but sources say that the Seaton Down Hoard would be valued at less than £100,000. This will be split between Laurence Egerton and Clinton Devon Estates, the landowners.

One of the coins is said to be particularly special, as it marks the millionth find of the PAS (Portable Antiquities Scheme, which was set up in 1997 to provide records of discoveries made by the general public.

The PAS is managed by the British Museum and is funded by the Department for Media, Culture and Sport’s grant-in-aid to the institution.

They had been sat waiting for the millionth find to come along and Neil MacGregor said “then 22,000 come all at once”

The millionth find coin called a nummus, was struck by Constantine the Great and celebrated the inauguration of the new city of Constantinople, now known as Istanbul.

Since 1997 a total of 500 Roman coin hoards have been discovered in Britain, and the scheme has been set up to keep record of all the finds made by metal detectors and enthusiasts. It provides a resource for scholars to study.

The British Museum said “recording the finds has revolutionized the knowledge of battlefields, including Naseby in 1645 and the Battle of Bosworth in 1485 where King Richard the III was to meet his death. They discovered the silver-gilt boar badge which in turn helped pinpoint this site as the place he died.

 

Metal detectorist finds Britain’s biggest ever haul of Viking treasure – with hundreds of artefacts including an ancient silver crossarticle-2336423-1A295DCD000005DC-958_634x713

Indonesia: Floods, landslides kill 24 in Central Java


Updated about an hour agoSun 19 Jun 2016, 8:11am

Flash flooding and landslides in Indonesia have killed 24 and left more than two dozen missing, an official says, with mud avalanches burying people inside their homes.

Torrential rain since Saturday has triggered serious flooding across Central Java, with thousands of homes inundated, said disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho.

“Initial data… shows the impact of the floods and landslides in Central Java has caused 24 deaths, with 26 others still missing,” Mr Sutopo said in a statement.

 

Footage aired by local broadcasters showed villagers sitting on their roofs to escape the rising water, their cars and homes submerged in brown water.

Areas prone to landslides in the densely-populated province were the worst hit, with drivers swept off roads and dozens of homes destroyed by fast-moving walls of mud, rock and water.

In one district, five people were buried in their homes as a landslide swept through the village. In another, nine people were killed as they tried to clear rubble from a road.

“Suddenly a huge landslide struck the cars and people on the street. Nine bodies were retrieved,” Mr Sutopo said in a statement.

Search and rescue crews are combing villages for the 26 still missing, Mr Sutopo added.

Temporary shelters have been erected to help those evacuated from the disaster zone.

Landslides are not uncommon in Indonesia.

Last month, 15 students holidaying at a popular tourist spot in western Indonesia were killed when a landslide swept through their camp ground.

AFP

Indonesia: Floods, landslides kill 24 in Central Java

Heavy rains and flooding also hit West Sumatra on Thursday and Friday, killing one person and displacing thousands. The floods there have since subsided.
June is usually relatively dry in the region, but the National Climatology, Meteorology and Geophysics Agency has issued a warning for potential rain for late June and early July in five provinces.
High tides and waves are also predicted for the southern coast of Sumatra, Java and East Nusa Tenggara.
The weather anomalies are a result of several environmental factors leading to unstable atmospheric conditions and increased rainfall in Sumatra and Kalimantan, according to Nugroho

 


sgfgfdgHEART ATTACKS AND WATER !
How many folks do you know who say they don’t want to drink anything before going to bed because they’ll have to get up during the night.
Heart Attack and Water – I never knew all of this ! Interesting…….
Something else I didn’t know … I asked my Doctor why people need to urinate so much at night time. Answer from my Cardiac Doctor – Gravity holds water in the lower part of your body when you are upright (legs swell). When you lie down and the lower body (legs and etc) seeks level with the kidneys, it is then that the kidneys remove the water because it is easier. This then ties in with the last statement!
I knew you need your minimum water to help flush the toxins out of your body, but this was news to me. Correct time to drink water…
Very Important. From A Cardiac Specialist!
Drinking water at a certain time maximizes its effectiveness on the body
2 glasses of water after waking up – helps activate internal organs
1 glass of water 30 minutes before a meal – helps digestion
1 glass of water before taking a bath – helps lower blood pressure
1 glass of water before going to bed – avoids stroke or heart attack
I can also add to this… My Physician told me that water at bed time will also help prevent night time leg cramps. Your leg muscles are seeking hydration when they cramp and wake you up with a Charlie Horse.
Mayo Clinic Aspirin Dr. Virend Somers, is a Cardiologist from the Mayo Clinic, who is lead author of the report in the July 29, 2008 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Most heart attacks occur in the day, generally between 6 A.M. and noon. Having one during the night, when the heart should be most at rest, means that something unusual happened. Somers and his colleagues have been working for a decade to show that sleep apnea is to blame.
1. If you take an aspirin or a baby aspirin once a day, take it at night.
The reason: Aspirin has a 24-hour “half-life”; therefore, if most heart attacks happen in the wee hours of the morning, the Aspirin would be strongest in your system.
2. FYI, Aspirin lasts a really long time in your medicine chest, for years, (when it gets old, it smells like vinegar).
Please read on…
Something that we can do to help ourselves – nice to know. Bayer is making crystal aspirin to dissolve instantly on the tongue.
They work much faster than the tablets.
Why keep Aspirin by your bedside? It’s about Heart Attacks.
There are other symptoms of a heart attack, besides the pain on the left arm. One must also be aware of an intense pain on the chin, as well as nausea and lots of sweating; however, these symptoms may also occur less frequently.
Note: There may be NO pain in the chest during a heart attack.
The majority of people (about 60%) who had a heart attack during their sleep did not wake up. However, if it occurs, the chest pain may wake you up from your deep sleep.
If that happens, immediately dissolve two aspirins in your mouth and swallow them with a bit of water.
Afterwards: – Call 911. – Phone a neighbor or a family member who lives very close by.- Say “heart attack!” – Say that you have taken 2 Aspirins.
Take a seat on a chair or sofa near the front door, and wait for their arrival and …DO NOT LIE DOWN!
A Cardiologist has stated that if each person after receiving this e-mail, sends it to 10 people, probably one life could be saved!
I have already shared this information. What about you?
Do forward this message. It may save lives!
“Life is a one time gift”

Astronaut Tim Peake lands back on Earth – watch live stream | Science | The Guardian


International Space Station mission comes to end as Briton and two crewmates travelling in Soyuz capsule land in Kazakhstan

 

The British astronaut Tim Peake has said he feels “truly amazing” after landing back on Earth following six months in space, touching down in Kazakhstan at the end of a seven-hour return journey from the International Space Station.

Peake’s Soyuz capsule completed its de-orbit to enter the Earth’s atmosphere at around 10am UK time on Saturday and it landed by parachute shortly afterwards.

The landing occurred on target in a remote spot in the vast scrubland steppe of Kazakhstan, landing at 10.15am UK time. The three crew members were extracted one by one and attended to by flight surgeons and nurses.

Peake had his eyes closed and looked tired, but then smiled and gave a thumbs up to waiting reporters. He told the press he was “good thanks, very good” and that the journey “was incredible, a real ride. Best ride I’ve been on ever.”

 

He added: “It’s just been fantastic, from start to finish … I’m just truly elated, just the smells of Earth are so strong, it’s wonderful to be back … to feel the fresh air. I look forward to seeing the family now.”

He said spending 186 days on the International Space Station had been a “life-changing experience”. “I’m going to miss the view definitely. I’d love some cool rain right now, it was very hot in the capsule and the suit’s very hot … I might be having some pizza later, maybe a cold beer as well.”

The Nasa public affairs officer Dan Hewitt said: “I don’t think I’ve ever seen better weather than the one we have now … all the teams out here actually got to see the capsule touch down, that’s something I’m never going to forget, it was phenomenal to see. All the threw crew members are out of the capsule, they’re going to now enjoy the weather, their first fresh air in over six months.”

Earlier, mission control in Houston said the Soyuz had landed on its side after being caught by to the wind, but that this was a fairly routine occurrence. “The search and recovery forces are now making their way around the aircraft so they can secure the aircraft and make sure all its systems are safe before they can extract the crew,” mission control said.

Since December the 44-year-old former helicopter test pilot has taken part in more than 250 experiments, performed a spacewalk, run the London Marathon on a treadmill and inspired more than 1 million schoolchildren, earning him an honour from the Queen for “extraordinary service beyond our planet”.

The capsule carrying Peake, the Nasa astronaut Col Tim Kopra, and the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko, landed in a remote spot on the vast Kazakhastan steppe at 10.15am UK time, Nasa confirmed.

But first the Soyuz made a scorching, and at times rough ride through the atmosphere, with temperatures outside reaching more than 1,600 degrees celsius.

The British astronaut Helen Sharman said before the landing that Peake’s body would need to be prepared. “To multiply your weight by five, it’s very heavy, so just breathing will be more laboured and difficult for him, but he’ll have done this in a centrifuge, we know that he’s strong and fit, as they all are in this crew; he knows what to expect,” she told the BBC Radio 4 Today programme.

Sharman said she didn’t think Peake would be scared . “You know this even before you launch into space, but I think once you’ve made the decision to go, you know that you want to come back, and there is no way around it. This is the only way back and so it’s not a thought of: ‘Shall I do it or not?’.”

Soon after 3am UK time, the three men climbed from the ISS into the Soyuz TMA-19M spacecraft that took them into orbit on 15 December.

Closing the hatch between the station and the spacecraft 34 minutes later marked the official end of ISS expedition 47 and Peake’s Principia mission.

 

 

Source: Astronaut Tim Peake lands back on Earth – watch live stream | Science | The Guardian

 

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Man Missing For 5 Years Found On Delayed Southern Rail Train


A man believed dead or kidnapped, last seen heading off on his morning commute over 5 years ago — has been found alive on a delayed train.

A train boarded at Brighton Station platform 5 completely empty, almost like the Department For Transports very own version of the Mary Celeste. The doors open and a single figure slumped out of the carriage door.

Colin, 45 from the Seven Dials area of Brighton had boarded a wrong train which had malfunctioned and had been roaming the Southern Line autonomously for 1825 days. He survived on liquid dripping through the roof and his own limbs.

When questioned why he decided to snack on himself rather than the buffet cart he said “I’d rather eat my own leg than pay those extortionate prices”.

Train officials believe the train had been long forgotten after a mix up involving staff sickness, a conductor left the train and was never replaced. It had been roaming the Southern Network non stop ever since.

An automated announcement released a statement:

“If you have ever been waiting for a train and then one zooms past without stopping, you sometimes notice that there is no one on board. We believe that that might have been his train.”

The only thing uniting backers of the Brexit leave and remain campaign is their mutual loathing of Southern Rail, when the man was given the current news to help him catch up with what he had missed he requested to be put back on the train which had been his home for so long.

When asked why he didn’t sound the alarm within the train or break the glass he stated “Oh, I hadn’t thought of that”.

He’s hoping to rejoin his wife Angela however it seems she is now living with his mate Gary and has a child. Southern Rail said they will do all they can in the future to prevent this kind of occurrence and finished off with “we apologise for the delay”.

What A Rush! California Couple Finds Gold Coins Worth $10M


 

  

Thar's gold in them thar cans: One of the eight cans discovered by a California couple. They were stuffed with gold coins minted in the 1800s. The cache's estimated value: $10 million.

Thar’s gold in them thar cans: One of the eight cans discovered by a California couple. They were stuffed with gold coins minted in the 1800s. The cache’s estimated value: $10 million. Kagin’s Inc./AP hide caption

toggle caption Kagin’s Inc./AP

Thar’s gold in them thar cans: One of the eight cans discovered by a California couple. They were stuffed with gold coins minted in the 1800s. The cache’s estimated value: $10 million.

Kagin’s Inc./AP

If you’ve ever dreamed about finding buried treasure, this story’s for you:

A California couple who say they had walked by the same spot on their Sierra Nevada property many times over many years are an estimated $10 million or so richer after digging up eight rusty old cans containing 1,427 very valuable gold coins. It’s thought to be the most valuable discovery of such coins in U.S. history.

Identified for now only as “John and Mary,” the lucky landowners tell Kagin’s Inc. — a numismatic firm that has examined the coins and is representing the couple — that they had in the past noticed an old can sticking from up the ground.

“We thought the can might be a place for someone to put flowers in for a gravesite — something which would have been typical” in years past, John says in an interview posted on the firm’s website.

But during a walk last year along a part of their property that they call Saddle Ridge, John and Mary wondered whether the can might also be a marker of some sort. So they did a little digging — literally.

By the time they were done, they had recovered coins that were minted mostly in San Francisco from 1847 to 1894 and have a total face value of nearly $28,000. Many are in almost pristine condition. Kagin’s estimates they will sell for about $10 million. The most valuable of the coins, writes the Los Angeles Times, is an 1866-S No Motto Double Eagle worth about $1 million.

John and Mary tell Kagin’s that they plan to keep some of the coins, sell many of them and donate some of their windfall to charities.

One of our favorite parts of their story is what they did with the coins immediately after the discovery.

“The first thing the family did after finding all the cans was rebury them in a cooler under their woodpile,” David McCarthy of Kagin’s tells the San Francisco Chronicle. “They were terrified and had to think about what to do.”

Or, as John tells Kagin’s: “Yeah — the old-timers had it right — it’s safer than in a bank!”

WHY ARE THEY SO VALUABLE?

Experts say paper money was illegal in California until the 1870s, so it’s extremely rare to find any coins from before that period. Additionally, most of the coins are in mint condition, having been stashed away seemingly immediately after they were minted. They were valued by Don Kagin, a numismatist who is handling the sale and marketing of the coins.

 

 

 

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Heap of gold coins are seen at close up.

 

 

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Diamond miners find 500-year-old shipwreck loaded with £9million of gold in the Namibian desert 


Diamond miners find 500-year-old shipwreck loaded with £9million of gold in the Namibian desert 

Diamond miners stumbled across a 500-year-old shipwreck in Namibia

Portuguese ship the Bom Jesus disappeared in 1533 en route to India

Discovered in sand when miners drained a man made sea water lagoon

It contained £9million worth of gold and silver coins and ivory tusks 

Diamond miners working off the coast of Africa stumbled across a 500-year-old shipwreck loaded with £9million of gold and coins.

The Bom Jesus – or Good Jesus – was first discovered along the Namibian coast near Oranjemund by geologists from the mining company De Beers in April 2008. 

It was a Portuguese ship which set sail from Lisbon in 1533 captained by Sir Francisco de Noronha, and vanished, along with its entire crew, while on a voyage to India.

The Bom Jesus – or Good Jesus – and its treasure trove contents were first discovered along the Namibian coast near Oranjemund by geologists from the mining company De Beers in April 2008 (Pictured: Some of the Spanish coins)

A selection of items from the ship with a trowel below them for scale. The best preserved astrolabe is in the middle, a frying pan on the right, some pottery on left, a pewter plate above and a section of a pewter bowl

It was found by the miners as they drained a man-made salt water lake along the Skeleton Coast, and while plenty of shipwrecks have been discovered along the stretch, this was the oldest and the first to be loaded down with coin and ivory tusks. 

They did not immediately find the treasure it contained – first, they discovered strange pieces of wood and metal along the beach, before discovering the shipwreck buried under the sand.

 It was not until the sixth day that they found a treasure chest full of gold. 

It has been named as one of the most significant shipwreck finds of all time and the discovery led to the site being placed under the UNESCO Convention on the Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage.

Some rosary beads and a silver Portuguese coin that were found among the haul of the Bom Jesus

Archaeologist Dr Dieter Nolidemonstrating the use of an astrolabe found among the ship’s wreckage

The Bom Jesus cargo contained German copper ingots, West African ivory, Portuguese, Spanish, Florentine and Venetian gold and silver currency, weapons, including swords an knives, clothing, and, of course, skeletons.

The miners also discovered bronze bowls, and long metal poles which were used in the ship’s canona, as well as a musket compasses and astrological tools. 

Archaeologist Dr Dieter Noli told FoxNews.com that the Namibian government will keep the gold.

He said: ‘That is the normal procedure when a ship is found on a beach. 

‘The only exception is when it is a ship of state – then the country under whose flag the ship was sailing gets it and all its contents. 

‘And in this case the ship belonged to the King of Portugal, making it a ship of state – with the ship and its entire contents belonging to Portugal. 

‘The Portuguese government, however, very generously waived that right, allowing Namibia to keep the lot.’  

How the ship would have looked.It was a Portuguese ship which set sail from Lisbon in 1533 captained by Sir Francisco de Noronha, and vanished, along with its entire crew, while on a voyage to India